“There is an simple solution to every human problem – easy, plausible, and wrong.” H.L. Mencken
It’s easy in our debate-oriented culture to get stuck in an exchange of positions and arguments over who is right or what is wrong. So how do you move through that?
Here is one question that often works to change the pattern when a conversation starts falling into an unproductive exchange of competing views:
“How would you like it to be?”
This can also be asked in the form of an invitation: “I think we are getting lost in the details, can we talk for a moment of how we would like it to be?”
This question (or invitation) opens a path for dialogue, steering away from debates on who is to blame, or what action should be taken, or whose information is better. Instead this question/invitation shifts the focus to desired outcomes in a shared future. It invites creativity, invokes values, and offers hope – all in just 7 words.
Then, as you listen to and reflect on the responses to this question, you can further expand the dialogue by asking questions that gently explore definitions of terms used by the speaker (e.g., can you tell me more about your definition of democracy? what do you mean by “a great nation”, who is “we” or “they”?). You can also ask questions that explore the “why” of the preferred outcomes. And as to any proposed outcome you might also ask “how might we get there”?
Both the opening question and the exploratory questions that follow provide more opportunities than do our standard forms of conversation to make a shared connection whether to values, to hoped for outcomes, or to the hurts that need healing.
In recent conversations I have had, people across the partisan continuum have expressed concern for their families and a desire to see “more human values” or “respect for human dignity” in our policies. Many also want to “live their lives in peace”. They connect with each other as they share stories and imagine a better future for us all. That connection is what is needed to help us work through the difficult issues together.
In our next post we will look further at the issue of pursuing both peace and prosperity, what the data tells us, and how that data can be used in building an ongoing dialogue.
Posted in democracy, dialogue, government, Dialogue, politics, Resources, Working With Conflict
Tagged democracy, Dialogue, dialogue patterns, dignity, listening, partisan politics, peace, politics, prosperity, questions
If we are going to live well together, we need to learn how to talk with each other. Not at each other, not past each other, but with each other. This is hard to do because it’s not how we’re taught.
We’re often taught to assert our views and to dismiss those with which we disagree. The patterns of debate, deflection, distortion, and simple dismissal regularly appear in the news, social media, political discourse, and even in many day to day interactions. We need new patterns.
Here are some resources that can help:
All these resources illustrate that dialogue starts with relationship – you have to care for and value your connection with those you wish to engage. Dialogue also requires respect for views that differ from yours. This doesn’t mean agreement with those views, but it does mean showing an interest in and willingness to consider what others have to say. And dialogue requires self-control. Yes it may feel good in the moment to rant or vent, but that will only set you back. Scoring “points” through clever put downs and firing off the evidence supporting your position will only invite defensiveness. What does work is listening, asking questions that show both your care for and your interest in the person you are talking to, and reflecting back your understanding of what you have heard before sharing your own thoughts.
Yes dialogue is hard, and you can do this!
If you have questions you would like to ask about dialogue or additional resources you would like to share, post comments below or send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Posted in democracy, dialogue, government, Dialogue, politics, Resources
Tagged bridging divides, Dialogue, dialogue on race, dialogue patterns, dialogue skills, diatribe, Difficult Dialogues, divisiveness, partisan politics, politics, productive dialogues, relationship, respect
In both classes and casual conversations, people are asking, How did we get here? How will this end?
Some feel despair, some see an opportunity to address long-standing issues in our democracy. All hope for a better future for their children.
Those who despair decry the harsh partisanship of our politics and the confusing overwhelm of information that is pushed at us from every turn. They ask how can the average citizen be heard? How can we change? Where might we go?
And in all these conversations people are looking at how to bring our political and economic lives into line with the needs of people – how to build a more caring economy, a more compassionate culture, a wiser democracy.
The pandemic has revealed many weaknesses in our culture, economy, and political infrastructure, which developed over many years. And it is providing an opportunity, should we choose to use it, to shape our futures through dialogue.
So now is the time to reach out and talk with others, even if — especially if — those are difficult conversations. And by talking we don’t mean talking at. Instead we need to be talking with others in ways that acknowledge our concern, care, and interdependence. None of us has all of the answers, and for better or worse, our futures are intertwined.
So let’s make it for better. Reach out and connect with your family, friends and neighbors. Hear their fears, share yours, generate new ideas together, and engage others. Build a dialogue that has the potential to move us forward.
Posted in Communities In Conflict, democracy, dialogue, government, Dialogue, politics
Tagged caring economy, communication, compassionate culture, Dialogue, fear, interdependence, politics, USA, wiser democracy
Its been a difficult few weeks in American politics. Are you concerned that racism, hate, mendacity, and hyper-partisanship are dominating our national discourse?
As citizens we have more power to shape the national discourse than we might think. Here’s what you can do:
Recognize the patterns of hate and respond with Stories of Wisdom. Ask your elected representatives to avoid the former and encourage and support them when they too have the courage to speak of interdependence or to focus on the common good.
Call out distortion and deflection, and avoid falling into these habits yourself.
Rather than simply reacting to or throwing out a trigger word, ask for definitions, supply yours, and explore the differences.
Be willing to truly listen to your fellow citizens. Note that “[b]y listening attentively, we can take in the experiences of others without necessarily agreeing with what they are advocating.” (David Matthews, The Ecology of Democracy, (2018). Listening does help us to better understand each other.
Make the effort to think things through. Consume media that does more than excite and inflame. Look for sites and sources that confirm facts or provide context on the complex issues of the day. As Thomas Jefferson said “Reason and free inquiry are the only effectual agents against error.”
Look for what is working and get involved in organizations that are trying to unite rather than divide our country. It’s not about Us v. Them. It’s about all of us, and what we might be as a country.
So reach out, talk, and commit to the good of your neighbors. We can do better.
Afro and White, rich and poor, educated and illiterate, our fates are bound together. We can run from each other but we cannot escape each other. We will only attain freedom if we learn to appreciate what is different and muster the courage to discover what is fundamentally the same. America’s diversity offers so much richness and opportunity. Take a chance, won’t you? Knock down the fences that divide. Tear apart the walls that imprison. Reach out, freedom lies just on the other side.
We should have liberty for all.
– Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, July 4, 1992.
Posted in democracy, dialogue, government, Dialogue, politics
Tagged communication, community, Dialogue, division, fear, hate, mendacity, peace, politics, questions, sharing, USA
Just in time for Thanksgiving dinner, here are a few resources that all of you who are interested in dialogue might find useful when sitting at the dinner table.
How to Have a Conversation With Your Angry Uncle Over Thanksgiving is a neat tool for practicing your productive dialogue skills. This bot, made available through The New York Times, allows you to interact with an “angry uncle” of either liberal or conservative views. A good way to hone your technique before you meet the relatives!
Better Angels has also provided a brief guide on keeping the dinner table conversation positive by limiting the amount of political conversation that occurs,. This guide also provides tips for one on one conversations. Read Skills for Thanksgiving Conversations.
For more in depth planning, we also refer you back to these posts from the series A Metaphor From the Midwest – Weeding and Watching Part 1 and Weeding and Watching Part 2.
We wish you and yours a happy Thanksgiving and hope these resources prove useful as you enjoy spending time with your families and friends.